What is Food Safety?
Food Safety is an umbrella term that describes all measures and processes that are necessary for guaranteeing the quality of foodstuff. Food safety makes sure that food for the consumer is palatable and that the production rout is comprehensible and traceable.
Different Fields of Food Safety
Food Safety encompasses various fields that provide a consistently good quality of foods. For one, the field of food hygiene belongs to food safety. Food hygiene is important for the foods to be suitable for consumption and for no health damage to come from them. On the other hand the field of inspection belongs to food safety. Here it is examined and monitored, that the processed foods originate from legal and sustainable sources and that the processing chain is consistently comprehensible.
Basic Principles of Food Safety
In Europe, seven basic principles apply to food safety. This includes the principle of food supply chain. Here it is important to make the complete production route of the foods comprehensible and transparent. Another principle of food safety is the principle of corporate responsibility. The next principle of food safety is the principle of traceability. It is important to be able to trace the complete route of a food to ensure a consistently good quality. The independent scientific risk assessment is also one of these principles. Here, the risk is to be assessed beforehand based on already existing knowledge. The separation of risk assessment and risk management are also important. A risk assessment takes place beforehand. Only subsequently, it is examined in risk management, which dangers are possibly avoidable. The transparency in the evaluation of possibly risks is also important. A last principle of food safety is the precautionary principle.
Food Hygiene as a Field of Food Safety
Hygiene is an important component of food safety. The compliance with hygiene specifications has to be given at all times to guarantee a good and palatable quality of the foodstuff. Furthermore, no health interference or damage may come from the used foodstuff as well as the distributed product. The inspection of the compliance with given specifications in hygiene is carried out by hygiene centers. The first privately organized hygiene center is located in Münster.